245 857 km2
Kindia, Labé, Kankan and
Susu, Fula, Maninka, Kissi,
Toma and Guerzé
Guinean franc (GNF)
10.2 million inhabitants
Islam (85%), Christianity
(8%), Animism (7%)
The Republic of Guinea is a country in West Africa. Formerly known as French Guinea, it is today sometimes called Guinea-Conakry to distinguish it from its neighbor Guinea-Bissau and the Republic of Equatorial Guinea.
Situated on the Atlantic coast, the country shares borders with Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Ivory Coast, Liberia and Sierra Leone, and is divided into four regions, each with very different terrains, climates and vegetation.
•Maritime Guinea covers 18% of the country
•Mid-Guinea covers 20% of the country
•Upper-Guinea covers 38% of the country
•Forested Guinea covers 23% of the country, and is both forested and mountainous
Guinea has abundant natural resources including 25 percent or more of the world's known bauxite reserves. Guinea also has diamonds, gold, and other metals. The country has great potential for hydroelectric power. Bauxite and alumina are currently the only major exports. Other industries include processing plants for beer, juices, soft drinks and tobacco.
Richly endowed with minerals, Guinea possesses over 25 billion metric tons (MT) of bauxite--and perhaps up to one-half of the world's readily exploitable reserves. Guinea's mineral wealth also includes more than 4 billion tons of high-grade iron ore, significant diamond and gold deposits, and undetermined quantities of uranium. Guinea has considerable potential for growth in the agricultural and fishing sectors. Soil, water, and climatic conditions provide opportunities for large-scale irrigated farming and agro industry.
The Water Tower of West Africa, with a water potential evaluated at 27,000 m3 per resident per year,
Guinea has one of the world’s most plentiful water supplies and has the ability to generate over 6,000 MW of hydroelectric energy.
Despite the country’s enormous potential, Guinea’s human development level is still below average, the population is deemed to be poor. A poverty reduction strategy covering cross-cutting themes was adopted with objectives to be reached by 2017.